Yes and no. A single element bulb would not light up if shorted or open. A dual element bulb (brake light) would only work on the remaining good element most times. A weak element bulb may short but the output would be less than normal until it finally goes bad (open). And an LED is a whole other story.Thanks for your input. Just one point on a bad bulb. When the fuse is replaced the dome light does work again. If the bulb was bad it would not light up again when the fuse is replaced. Would that be a correct assumption or could the light still function in that situation?
Cheap and easy recon-by-fire...
Replace ALL interior bulbs, and the door switch. Might also be one of the other three door switches, so I'd try them next. The door switches (driver's anyway) get cycled a lot and they're attached to the big ground. Last would be the overhead dome light switch (it probably doesn't get cycled as much as the doors).
If that doesn't work, then look at the harness. Usually a harness problem in a modern car is going to be pin problems at the connector which would cause open circuits, not shorts. Modern harnesses rarely wear through to a short, they are routed carefully, tied down and wrapped in loom. That's why I'd look at the mechanical parts first.